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PROJECT TOPIC AND MATERIAL ON ACCESS TO BUSINESS CAPITAL THROUGH REVOLVING FUND FOR MOST VULNERABLE CHILDREN FAMILIES IN KADUNA STATE
The Project File Details
- Name: Access To Business Capital Through Revolving Fund For Most Vulnerable Children Families In Kaduna State
- Type: PDF and MS Word (DOC)
- Size: [70 KB]
- Length:  Pages
Chapter one 1.0 Introduction 2.2 Background to Problem Statement
One of the biggest challenges facing Sub-Saharan Africa today, Nigeria in particular, is rapid increase of most vulnerable children problem is mainly due to the impact of pandemic. HIV/AIDS which is affecting almost everybody in every society. Moreover, HIV/AIDS cause about 48.5% of orphans countrywide (UNAIDS, 2008). As it was also pointed out by 39.2 % of MVC families in Usagara village during CNA. Other reasons associated with rapidly increase of Children vulnerability is mainly due to chronic poverty, social disintegration, lack of education, diseases (HIV/AIDS pandemic, malaria, water- and air-borne diseases), economic exploitation, unstable families, broken marriages and children born out of wedlock (REPOA, 2007). It is estimated that children aged between five and seventeen years comprise about 31.3% of the country’s mainland population of which 5% of them are most vulnerable (ibid.). The rising number of MVC is emerging at the time when the capacity of families and communities to respond to the crisis is increasingly compromised by the weakening of the social system that traditionally offered social protection to vulnerable children (Kaare, 2005, URT, 2007a). The social systems have become weak due to increasing poverty and family burdens (MKOMBOZI, 2006). Consequently many people refuse to take care of other people’s children, even those of their close relatives (ibid.). This increases the vulnerability of children as their basic needs for care, support, and protection are not met.Furthermore the study reveals that income poverty is a massive problem in Misungwi District including Usagara village as per capita income annually is TShs. 450,000 (DED- 2012). The study identified various factors contributing to income poverty among members of the community particularly MVC families in Usagara village as lack of capital which could help them to establish and develop income generating activities and lack of enough entrepreneurship skills which results MVC families not to manage properly their project as majority of them are facing difficult on how to read and write. On the other hand the study has pointed out various opportunities available in the community such as labor power among MVC families, availability of land and trading centre which can enable them to establish income generating activities. Other resources are Misungwi District Council and MOCSO which work together to support MVC families.