An Examination Of Determinants And Improving Internally Generated Revenue For Post Insurgency Period

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An Examination Of Determinants And Improving Internally Generated Revenue For Post Insurgency Period

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PROJECT TOPIC AND MATERIAL ON AN EXAMINATION OF DETERMINANTS AND IMPROVING INTERNALLY GENERATED REVENUE FOR POST INSURGENCY PERIOD

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  • Name: An Examination Of Determinants And Improving Internally Generated Revenue For Post Insurgency Period
  • Type: PDF and MS Word (DOC)
  • Size: [70 KB]
  • Length: [56] Pages

 

 

 

INTRODUCTION

The increasing cost of running government coupled with dwindling revenue has left various state governments in Nigeria with formulating strategies to improve the revenue base. More so, the near collapse of the National Economy has created serious financial stress for all tiers of government. Hardest hit are the state governments all of whom have experienced unusual reduction in their share of the National Revenue from the Federation Account. Despite the numerous sources of revenue available to the various tiers of government as specified in the Nigeria 1999 Constitution, since the 1970s till now, over 80% of the annual revenue of the three tiers of government come from petroleum.

However, with declining global oil prices putting increasing pressure on states to explore alternative ways to shore up their revenue earnings, only 11 of Nigeria’s 36 states improved their internally generated revenue (IGR) in 2015. The latest IGR report shows that Ogun, Anambra, Borno, Edo, Bauchi, Abia, Kogi, Nasarawa, Niger, Taraba and Sokoto as the only states that bettered their 2014 records of revenue generation performance in 2015. Among the 24 states that performed poorly included Kwara, Imo, Bayelsa, Adamawa, Akwa Ibom, Benue, Cross River, Delta, Ekiti, Enugu, Gombe, Jigawa, Kaduna, Kano, Katsina, Kebbi, Lagos, Ondo, Osun, Oyo, Plateau, Rivers, Yobe, and Zamfara. And Ebonyi. Overall performance of the 36 states showed that the total IGR realized for the year dropped by 3.69 per cent, from N707.86 billion in 2014 to N682.67 billion. (NBS, 2016)

The need for state and local governments to generate adequate revenue from internal sources has therefore become a matter of extreme urgency and importance. This need underscores the eagerness on the part of state and local governments and even the federal government to look for new sources of revenues or to become aggressive and innovative in the mode of collecting revenue from existing sources.

Adenuga and Ogechi, (2013) observed that while the cost of administration by various level of governments keep increasing as a result of many factors, the source to finance these expenditure are drastically reducing, various State governments in Nigeria thus, need to formulate strategies to improve the revenues base. At National level and many states several ambitious strategies and projects have been adopted to find the ways of improving the IGR. It is also worthy to note that most of these efforts perfectly works for many and some policies still keep scoring an own goals in achieving their specified objectives and targets. Adamawa state with its unique socio-economic group, different sources of income and determinants of IGR, research has not been well carry out on this economic threatening area especially using quantitative analysis as this study trying to do. In view of these, this study was set out to look into ways of improving IGR as the state is approaching post Insurgency.

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