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PROJECT TOPIC AND MATERIAL ON AN INVESTIGATION OF EFFECTIVENESS OF PUBLIC- PRIVATE PARTNERSHIP ON EMPOWERING IMPLEMENTERS OF COMPETENCY BASED CURRICULUM IN SOKOTO STATE
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- Name: An Investigation Of Effectiveness Of Public- Private Partnership On Empowering Implementers Of Competency Based Curriculum In Sokoto State
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CHAPTER TWO LITERATURE REVIEW 2.1. Introduction This chapter presents literature review which is divided into two parts namely theoretical and empirical literature. 2.2 Theoretical Review of Literature 2.2.1 Public Private Partnership policy and Competence Based Curriculum Public Private Partnership policy (PPP) can be defined as a contract that a government makes with private service provider to acquire a specific service of defined quantity and quality at any agreed price for a specific period (Taylor, 2003).Private partnership is a business relationship between a private-sector company and a government agency for the purpose of completing a project that serves the public. Public-private partnerships can be used to finance, build and operate education projects. Historically the PPP policy may be traced right from 1950s appears to have originated in the United States, initially relating to joint public and private sector finding for educational programmers .But come into wide use in the 1960s to refers to public private joint venture for urban renewal. It is also used in the United State to refer to publicly-funded provision of social services by non public sectors bodies, often from the voluntary (not for-profit) sector, as well as public funding of private sector research and development in the fields such as education (Yescombe, 2007). However, the reason for establishment PPP was to provide a unique perspective on the collaborative and network aspects of public management. The advancement of Public Private Partnership policy, as a concept and a practice, is a product of the new public management of the late 20th century and globalization pressures. The aims/objectives of PPP worldwide is to ensure government services are delivered in the most economical effective and efficient manner, however to create opportunities for private sector growth and to contribute to the overall economic development through the stimulation of competitiveness and initiative. Also to ensure the best interest of the public, the business sector and the community are served through an appropriate allocation of risks and returns between partners (Yescombe, 2007). Likewise in Tanzania the PPP policy which replaced the socialist ideology of Ujamaa, after the mid-1980s embarked on a radical shift in economic management strategies. Since 1986Tanzania was forced to adopt private partnership policy so as to implement the condition of International Monetary Fund (IMF). As such since 1990s private partners began to pray a role in running education but the curriculum formulation monitoring and evaluation remained centralized.