Application Of Gis Technique To Site Selection For Aquaculture Development In The Coastal Local Government Areas Of Akwa Ibom State

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Application Of Gis Technique To Site Selection For Aquaculture Development In The Coastal Local Government Areas Of Akwa Ibom State

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PROJECT TOPIC AND MATERIAL ON APPLICATION OF GIS TECHNIQUE TO SITE SELECTION FOR AQUACULTURE DEVELOPMENT IN THE COASTAL LOCAL GOVERNMENT AREAS OF AKWA IBOM STATE

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  • Name: Application Of Gis Technique To Site Selection For Aquaculture Development In The Coastal Local Government Areas Of Akwa Ibom State
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CHAPTER ONE

INTRODUCTION

1.1       Background of the Study

Aquaculture is one of the world’s fastest growing production sectors, bringing with its great potential for food supply and poverty alleviation. It is a deliberate culture in water of economically important fin fishes, shell fishes, aquatic plants and other organisms for food, recreational, ornamental or scientific/educational purpose (King and Jonathan, 2003). Landing from worldwide aquaculture have been increasing rapidly in the last decade, approximately 10-15 percent per year (Hossain and Das, 2012). According to Food and Agricultural Organization (FAO, 2010), total aquaculture in 1996 was 26.7 million tonnes, and in 2008 increased to 52.5 million tonnes. The world aquaculture production was 66.63 million tonnes for food fish in 2012 (FAO, 2013). The rapid growth was due to combined effects of an increasing world population and decreasing catches from artisanal fisheries (Caddy and Griffiths1995;Pauly 2002; Hossain and Das 2012).

Nigeria owns significance fisheries with a coastline of 853 kilometer which borders the Gulf of Guinea. The territorial sea is 12 nautical miles Exclusive Economic Zone (EEZ), the continental shelf is narrow and covers a total area of 41,000 square kilometer (Essen, 2000). The government has recognized fishery as a means to achieve food security, export earnings and poverty alleviation. According to Akwa Ibom State Ministry of Agriculture (MOA, 2013), the country’s fisheries production estimate was 600,000 million tonnesand aquaculture production in Nigeria was 25,000-30,000 tonnes.As presented byMOA (2010), fish supply in Akwa Ibom State was 297,000 million tonnes in 2009 thereby clearly portraying the zone as contributing enormously to domestic fish production in Nigeria. Akwa Ibom State being one of the maritime States in the country has estimated coastline of 129kilometres (Essen, 2000). The abundant inshore/coastal waters coupled with numerous rivers, mangrove, swamps, creeks, flood plains, lake and reservoirs provide suitable environment for the production of abundant fish and fishery products.The wetlands that abound in the coastal region in the state are highly under-utilized and under-developed for fish production and thus justified the development of aquaculture in this region.

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