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PROJECT TOPIC AND MATERIAL ON CAUSES AND IMPACTS OF THE INCREASE IN DROPOUT AMONG THE MALE STUDENTS IN PRIMARY SCHOOLS IN MULEBA DISTRICT IN ABIA REGION
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- Name: Causes And Impacts Of The Increase In Dropout Among The Male Students In Primary Schools In Muleba District In Abia Region
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CHAPTER ONE 1.0 INTRODUCTION 1.1 BACKGROUND TO THE STUDY Dropout in this research is defined as the breaking off from schooling for the rest of the term – without a final certification, death and changing school excluded. Taken word-for-word dropout characterizes those people who fall outside the usual parameters given by society. They no longer belong to those acting inside the usual parameters. On the one hand dropout indicates an action, the falling outside; on the other hand it also indicates the persons, who fall outside the usual parameters. They become outsiders of the system. In this study the researcher mean education system. Education is the finest way to attain self reliance and economic growth and development. Primary education prepares children to participate fully in the social, political and economic well being of the country. Universal access to primary education was one of the Millennium Development Goals (M.D.Gs) to be reached by 2015. However, in most developing countries high dropout rates in primary school is a major challenge to access and achievement of primary education. The perceived causes of dropout are complex and tend to vary for boys and girls. Because of this problem, different countries have tried to execute different policies to eliminate it. One of the most widely heralded educational policy reforms has been the elimination of primary school fees in countries where pupils and parents have been responsible for such costs. Consistent with the goals of Education for All (EFA), international organizations and national governments in many Sub-Saharan African countries have joined together to increase access to schooling by abolishing fees and other mandatory contributions. The logic for such a change in policy is clear, if the cost of schooling is too high, poor parents will not send their children to school; therefore, the elimination of compulsory charges will lower the cost of education and increase the number of children in school. Indeed, several studies suggest that the recent elimination of school fees in East Africa is the reason for the rapid increase in primary school enrolment (Glowed & Zhao, 2005; International Monetary Fund and the International Development Association [IMF & IDA], 2001, 2004).