Comparison Of Academic Performance Of Junior Secondary School Students In Accounting In External Examinations From 2003-2007

Comparison Of Academic Performance Of Junior Secondary School Students In Accounting In External Examinations From 2003-2007

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PROJECT TOPIC AND MATERIAL ON COMPARISON OF ACADEMIC PERFORMANCE OF JUNIOR SECONDARY SCHOOL STUDENTS IN ACCOUNTING IN EXTERNAL EXAMINATIONS FROM 2003-2007

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  • Name: Comparison Of Academic Performance Of Junior Secondary School Students In Accounting In External Examinations From 2003-2007
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CHAPTER ONE

INTRODUCTION

BACKGROUND OF THE STUDY

Comparison of academic performance measuring of academic performance of student is challenging since student performance is the product of socio-economic, psychological and environmental factors. Education ought to be growing as a profitable industry with prime objective of maximizing profit by delivering high quality education that produces well educated, skilled mannered students according to needs and requirements of the dynamically growing market. There are two groups of students as generally perceived, that is those who improve and those who don’t improve. Students performance is also affected by different factors such as learning abilities because new paradigm about learning assumes that all students can and should learn at higher levels but it should not be considered as constraint because there are other factors like race, gender, sex that can affect students performance Hansen (2000).

Mishae (2001) explained the effect of age, qualification and distance from learning. Place on the students performance in his explanation concerns the readiness in doing a particular discipline in the school; for instance, a student that is not capable of doing sciences in the secondary school joins sciences because his/her friends are offering the  subjects.Winston et al  (2002)  added that  the academic performance of student is also coined in the students impatience (this time discount behavior).  Yuonne (1998) further elaborated that students academic performance is very much dependent on SEB (socio-economic background) as per his statement, secondary school students performance is with statically significant differences. Alexander (2001) explained that some of the practice adopted by secondary school administration can also influence their academic performance, such practices like organized study group, debate club, media and culture clubs etc .com parison of academic performance

According to Bello Lawel, an Abuja based educationist a member of the All Nigeria committee of Principals of secondary school (ANCOPSS). The truth is that the reading culture in Nigeria is generally poor. To make it worse, these days, most of our students hardly read. Instead they waste their precious time watching televisions or films, listening to music, playing to music, playing video/computer games .com parison of academic performance

Another educationist Mohammed (2009) attributed the dismal performance on the external examinations to the lackadaisical attitude of the government and its refusal to adequately fund the education sector. According to him, on several occasions we clamored for improved budgeting allocation to the education sector but all these have fallen on deaf ears. For instance, UNESCO recommends that 26 percent of any country’s budget should be allocated to the education sector but instead what do we have in Nigeria.

Government paying lip service to the education sector. Other countries who understand the importance of education have taken proactive steps to adequately fund their education sector. For instance, Ghana has allocated 29 percent to its budget education sector, even far more than the UNESCO recommendation. The same thing with countries like South Africa and Botswana who allocated 35 and 37 percent respectively to the education sector. So until these things are implemented we would continue to morty age the future of our children .com parison of academic performance

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Statement of the problem

Secondary school students performances in external examinations has been a nagging issues in Nigeria generally and particularly in Enugu North Local Government Area, Enugu State.

Language is a medium of institution. For teaching and learning to take place effectively, there must be adequate communication between the learner and the teacher. In Nigeria Accounting Education is a “Lingua Franka”. Except in vernacular, it is used in communicating the learner in all Nigeria schools. The importance of Accounting education can hardly be overemphasized. That is why it appears almost everyday in the school time table.

Unfortunately, a cursory look at the performance of students in Accounting education in particular computer and integrated science in external examination in Eungu North Local Government Area is nothing to write home about. Since computer and integrated science are relatively new in development of science and technology, the researchers would want to find out why there is an always recorded low performance in Accounting Education from 2003 -2007 on case study.

Secondly, what facilities are available in teaching and learning of the three subjects in Junior secondary school certificate examination in Enugu Local Government Area .com parison of academic performance

Purpose of the study

Based on the background and the problem of this study, the main purpose underlying the project is to compare the academic performances of the junior secondary school students in Accounting Education in external Examinations from 2003-2007. (A case study of Enugu North Local Government Area, Enugu State) specifically, the purpose of the study tends to find out:

1.    Why there is poor performance of students in external examinations

2.    How students perform in external examinations

3.    How students perform in Accounting Education in External Examination and when compared, which one among the listed did perform better than others.

Significance of the study

The usefulness of the research work in educational system cannot be over emphasized if the result of the study is properly utilized. It is going to be a benefit to the students, teachers, parents and government. This would help to provide some information for curriculum designers and classroom teachers in order to utilize relevant approaches to enhance meaningful learning and teaching of Accounting Education,Accounting Education students. Thus, the knowledge of students’ cognitive style and attitude would be very useful in both academic and career enhancement .com parison of academic performance

Scope of the study

The study was based on the junior secondary school students performance in external examinations in Accounting Education in Enugu North Local Government Area, Enugu State. This specifically covers the following junior secondary schools;

1.    New Layout Secondary school

2.    Days Secondary School Independent Layout

3.    Government secondary school Enugu

4.    Coal Camp Secondary School, Enugu

The schools mentioned above are used in this research work for better coverage and easy assessment.

Research questions

The following research questions were formulated to guide the study. These questions are:-

1.    What are the causes of poor performance of students in external examinations?

2.    In what ways can the performance of students in external examination be improved?

3.    How does students perform in external examination in Accounting education and which of the three subjects did they perform better on?


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