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PROJECT TOPIC AND MATERIAL ON IMPACT OF COMPUTERIZED ACCOUNTING SYSTEM ON EMPLOYMENT IN FINANCIAL INSTITUTIONS A CASE STUDY OF ECO BANK
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- Name: Impact Of Computerized Accounting System On Employment In Financial Institutions A Case Study Of Eco Bank
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Ama (2004) defines this system as a system that uses specialized machines called calculators and computer in gathering information. It is technically known as Electronic Data Processing (EDP) Accounting System.
A computer – based accounting system processes data in basically the same manner as does a manual system. Transactions are initially recorded manually on sources documents, the data from these source documents are then key – punched into punched cards, which can be read by the computer. The computer process the information and performs such routine tasks as printing journals, posting to ledger accounts, determining account balances and printing financial statements and other reports.
A computerized accounting system is a system which allows the user to enter the transaction into the program once and all accounts are update as necessary
According to Wikipedia the free encyclopedia, some applications of computer in accounting system are:
It is a software packages to help in text processing words are processed. Processing includes injection, deletion, changing, moving words, paragraphs etc. Word processing is the preparation of types scripts, using computing facilities for the storage and manipulation of text for e.g word processor has the ability to merge names and addresses with standard text so as to give impression that the letter is personalized even in case of circular letter.
It is simple collections of information (data) on a particular subject. Data base file allows you to manipulate the data in desired form. So database allows us to work on facts and figures to store and manipulates data in any desired way for e.g from the same basic information trial balance is prepared, trading and profit and loss accounts may be prepared; list of debtors creditors may be prepared, purchase and sales forecast may be made etc.
This is one of the software programs which have increased the utility of computers for accounting purposes. Spreadsheet programs help you to draw vertical as will as horizontal columns on a large sized paper. Each column’s length and breadth can be adjusted according to suitability.
1.1 BACKGROUND OF THE STUDY
Tanenbaum (2010) states that manual processing of accounting data is too slow, and labour intensive in the banking industry. The speed at which computers can get according data processed cannot be matched. Computerized accounting system provides a means for those firms to record, very high volume of transaction with the great speed and financial and prepare a wide range of detailed financial report.
Computerized accounting system affects strongly on the accounting work and on the performance of banking industry the computers can handle the recording process able to spend more time analyzing, planning and controlling financial operations for management, this can provide a greater amount of analytical information for use in decision making.
Pandey (2007) adds that management is also in a better position to monitor the financial performance of all segments of the organization because a computerized accounting system can produce a broad range of detailed reports at short interval. This is highly important for banks used as a study in this research (Diamond, First and ECO Bank Plc.) because of different branches located at different places.
Thus, computerized systems avoid the time lost in correcting common errors. Computerized accounting system provides management with current accounting balance information since balance is posted as the transaction occur. However this various advantages mitigates the level of manpower employed in the financial institution.The research intends to investigate the impact of computerized accounting system on employment in financial institution
1.2 STATEMENT OF THE PROBLEM
The problem confronting this research is to determine the impact of computerized accounting system on employment in financial institution
With a case study of eco bank plc.
1.3 RESEARCH QUESTION
1 What is computerized accounting system
2 What is the impact of computerized accounting on employment in financial institution
3 What is the impact of computerized accounting on employment in Eco Bank