The Impact of Micro Credit on Poverty Alleviation in Nigeria

The Impact of Micro Credit on Poverty Alleviation in Nigeria

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PROJECT TOPIC AND MATERIAL ON THE IMPACT OF MICRO CREDIT ON POVERTY ALLEVIATION IN NIGERIA

The Project File Details

  • Name: The Impact of Micro Credit on Poverty Alleviation in Nigeria
  • Type: PDF and MS Word (DOC)
  • Size: [80 KB]
  • Length: [76] Pages

 

 

 

 

CHAPTER ONE

INTRODUCTION

1.1    Background to the Study

Poverty is the major problem in most developing economies. In these economies, it is argued that among others absence of access to credit is presumed to be the cause for the failure of the poor to come out of poverty. Meeting the gap between demand and supply of credit in the formal financial institutions frontier has been challenging (Von Pischke 1991). In fact, the gap is not aroused merely because of shortage of loan-able fund to the poor rather it arises because it is costly for the formal financial institutions to lend to the poor. Lending to the poor involves high transaction cost and risks associated with information asymmetries and moral hazards (Stiglitz and Weiss 1981). Nevertheless, in several developing economies governments have intervened, through introduction of microfinance institutions to minimize the gap then allow the poor access credits.

One of the main policy objectives for the establishment of microfinance banks in Nigeria was to assist small and medium scale enterprises in Nigeria in raising their productive capacity and level of employment generation, thus alleviating poverty and enhancing human capital development. According to Haque and Yamao (2009), poverty alleviation through microcredit is now well recognized all over the world as microcredit propagandists, governments, donors, development agencies and others have an increasing interest in using the microcredit medium to advance the course of poverty reduction as well as enhance human capital development. In a bid to utilize the benefits of microcredit in alleviating poverty and enhancing human capital development in Nigeria, the Central Bank of Nigeria (CBN) formulated the micro finance policy and framework in 2005. The December 2005 policy statement establishing Micro finance banks in Nigeria was laudable and well-intentioned as the microfinance industry was fast becoming the next “frontier” for the financial service industry to provide and promote the grant of microcredit.

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