The Role Of Industrial Health And Safety Management On Organizational Productivity

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The Role Of Industrial Health And Safety Management On Organizational Productivity

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PROJECT TOPIC AND MATERIAL ON THE ROLE OF INDUSTRIAL HEALTH AND SAFETY MANAGEMENT ON ORGANISATIONAL PRODUCTIVITY

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  • Name: The Role Of Industrial Health And Safety Management On Organizational Productivity
  • Type: PDF and MS Word (DOC)
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  • Length: [56] Pages

 

 

 

CHAPTER ONE

GENERAL INTRODUCTION

1.0   INTRODUCTION

A lamentable but hard fact of industrial life is that a number of people are injured, crippled, renders disabled or killed in the course of their employment in industries each year. Management has a responsibility to ensure that work places are not hazardous to the employees physical and on mental health conditions.

However, accident can and do occurs on many job, but the safety of employees in an organisation is one of the price concerns of all managers.

Industrial health and safety management refers to the promotion and maintenance of the highest degree of physical, mental and social well-being of workers in all occupation. It involves the protection of workers in their employment from factors adverse or detrimental to health (Burk 1970:15).

Going by a popular adage that “health is wealth”, organisation’s productivity as well the development of nation depends on the health of its people. According to Ali, (1991:76), the role played by a healthy and contented (Satisfied) work force in the economic development of any country cannot be over emphasized.  To keep employees producing at least at a level indicated by their potential when hired, it is necessary to prevent anything that might result in a temporary of permanent reduction in output from happening to them. The major type of such happenings are injuries and illness. Thus, it become important that organisations evolve measures aimed at reducing accident frequency and severity it is equally important that organisation, if not eliminate, reduce to the minimum factors that might contribute to the cause or prolongation of an illness. Though this is a social/humanitation responsibility of any organisaiton’s management, it is also a cardinal factor in organisations goal attainment.

Injuries and illness do not only have negative effects on productivity, it occurs with them monetary cost. For instance, in 1978, about 2,800 Nigerian workers died or received injuries at their work place resulting in permanent disabilities. Moreover in 1988, a total number of industries accident reported to the factory inspectorate development of the federal ministry of labour, Lagos was 462 while that of 1990 was 420 (Ali 1999:79).

Though the total cost of the injuries and illness cannot be quantified in monetary terms since one cannot accurately place monetary value on a mans’ life or on suffering bone by dependents of the injured and even losses suffered by company as a result of damage to machines and equipment, yet it is generally noted that it has no overriding disadvantage both to employees and the management of organisation.

In developed and high/industrialized countries, industrial safety awareness and movement has been in existence right from the day of industrial revolution. Therefore as Nigeria is enjoying the benefit of industrialization, such as production of goods and services and employment opportunities with its improved standard of living, the employers of labour must not over look the fact that they employ workers with little or no knowledge of industrial process and hazard associated with them, hence a grant responsibility is passed to the management to take all possible measures to avoid the unnecessary loss of live and manpower arising from industrial accidents, which are capable of endangering economic prospect of the nation if precautions are not taken.

1.1    STATEMENT OF THE PROBLEM

The importance of good health and safety conditions in an organisation cannot be overstated. Every organisations whether small or large are expected to safeguard the health and safety of their employees, because regardless of size, every enterprises is affected to some extent by injuries and illness.

These affect the cost of the firms operation and efficiency/productivity as such requires serious attention. Accidents like all other human induced phenomena will never end. It is obvious but the concern and emphasis is on reducing their occurrences.

It is a fact that the number of industrial accidents and health hazard/casualties in most industrial centres are quite alarming.

Some homes have lost their bread winners and were not adequately compensated, means of likelihood becomes matters of uncertainty. Apart from these, the rate of absenteeism by factory workers and other key personnel resulting from industrial accident or health hazards are so high such that productivity becomes low.

From the above mentioned instances, it is ascertained that the neglect of industrial health and safety management pose serious threat to organisation productivity.

1.2    OBJECTIVE OF THE STUDY

The main objective of this study to examine the importance of industrial health and safety management to organisation’s productivity specific objectives are:

1.3   SIGNIFICANCE OF THE STUDY

The significance of this study is the contribution it will make to the promotion of health and safety in industrial establishment, as it is an essential function of management if high productivity is to be attained and sustained.

1.4    RESEARCH QUESTIONS

Since the research is carried out to examine the role of industrial health and safety management on organisation productivity as such the research effort will make use of both primary and secondary data. Thus, answers to the following question will be the spring board to the solution of the problem:

1.5    HYPOTHESIS

As an aid in answering some of the research question stated the uses the following hypotheses. The null hypothesis to be tested are:

Ho: These is no positive effect between safety training and the numbers of injuries (accidents) sustained by industrial workers.

Hi:  The industrial health and safety management programmes are not on any way beneficial to organisation

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